IPW-Lectures

An international lecture series by the Department of Political Science, University of Vienna

Winter Term 2019/2020

 

(Alle IPW lectures)

 

 

Justin Gest

(George Mason University)

"Crossroads: The Status and Future of Immigration Policy in 30 Countries Worldwide"

Moderation: Jeremias Stadlmair (IPW, University of Vienna)

Location: Konferenzraum IPW, NIG 2nd floor, Universitätsstraße 7, 1010 Vienna

Time: 26. November 2019, 10:15

Abstract: Justin Gest will present a unique study of immigration governance across 30 countries in Europe, the Americas, East Asia, Oceania, and the Middle East. Relying on a database of immigration demographics in the world's most prominent immigrant destinations, he will present a taxonomy and an analysis of what drives different approaches to immigration policy over space and time. In an era defined by inequality, populism, and fears of international terrorism, he will show how governments are converging toward a "Market Model" that seeks immigrants for short-term labor with fewer outlets to citizenship - an approach that resembles the increasingly contingent nature of labor markets worldwide.


Eveliina Lyytinen

(Migration Institute of Finland / Academy of Finland)

"Trust and Mistrust in Deportation-Related Activism in Finland"

Moderation: Christoph Novak (IPW, Universität Wien)

Location: Hörsaal II, NIG Erdgeschoß, Universitätsstraße 7, 1010 Wien

Time: 4. Dezember 2019, 18:30


Sebastian Pittl

(Universität Tübingen)

"Zwischen postmodernem Heidentum und identitärem Christentum: Die politische Theologie der Neuen Rechten"

Moderation: Katharina Limacher (IPW, Universität Wien)

Ort: Konferenzraum IPW, NIG, 2.Stock, Trakt A, Stiege I, Universitätsstraße 7, 1010 Wien

Zeit: 16. Januar 2019, 17:30


Klaus Poier

(Universität Graz)

"Folgt die Praxis dem Recht? Folgt das Recht der Praxis? Zu Entwicklung und Perspektiven der direkten Demokratie in Österreich"

Moderation: Jeremias Stadlmair (IPW Universität Wien)

Ort: Hörsaal II, NIG Erdgeschoß, Universitätsstraße 7, 1010 Wien

Zeit: 23. Oktober 2019, 18:30-20:00


Summer Term 2019

 

(Alle IPW lectures)

 

 

Podiumsdiskussion mit u.a. Ulrike Lunacek

"Was wählen wir am 26.Mai? Europawahlen aus der Sicht von Politik, Wissenschaft und Verwaltung"

Moderation: Elio Dalpra (IPW Universität Wien)

Ort: Aula am Campus (Altes AKH), Spitalgasse 2.4, Hof 1.11, 1090 Wien

Zeit: 13. Mai 2019, 18:00-20:30

Kooperationspartner: diesmalwaehleich.eu (Verbindungsbüro EU-Parlament)

Diskutant_innen:

Ulrike Lunacek (ehemalige Vize-Präsidentin des Europäischen Parlaments)

Magnus Schoeller (IPW Universität Wien, EIF)

Laurenz Ennser-Jedenastik (Staatswissenschaft Universität Wien)

Brigitte Luggin (Europäische Kommission)


Carlo Knotz

(Université de Lausanne)

"The Politics and Sociology of 'Getting Tough on Unemployment': New Data and Insights"

Moderation: Flavia Fossati (IPW, Universität Wien)

Discussant: Raimund Haindorfer (Institut für Soziologie, Universität Wien)

Ort: Konferenzraum, Department of Political Science, NIG, 2nd floor, wing A, Universitätsstraße 7, 1010 Wien

Zeit: 4. Juni 2019, 17:00

Abstract:

Over the last decades, there has been a pronounced trend toward tighter benefit conditionality across the advanced democracies, in particular in the case of benefits for the unemployed. Until recently, however, the very limited availability of systematic cross-country data on the conditionality of social protection benefits has posed a serious constraint to research into the political drivers behind this trend and the effects of these policies. A new comparative database on the strictness of unemployment benefit conditions and sanctions in 21 advanced democracies since the 1980s now allows researchers to move past this constraint. In this talk, Carlo will present this new database, novel findings based in this database, and still open questions that this database can help answering.


Petra Bendel

(Gastprofessur IPW/Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg)

"Zerbricht Europa an der Flüchtlingspolitik? EU-Mitgliedstaaten im Vergleich"

Moderation: Katharina Limacher (Forschungszentrum Religion und Transformation, Universität Wien)

Ort: H III, NIG, Erdgeschoß, Universitätsstraße 7, 1010 Wien

Zeit: 2. Mai 2019, 18:30

(der ursprüngliche Termin am 28.3. musste abgesagt werden!)


Helge Schwiertz

(IMIS/Osnabrück)

"Migration und radikale Demokratie: Die Selbstorganisierung von Jugendlichen mit unsicherem Aufenthaltsstatus"

Moderation: Reinhard Schweitzer (IPW, Universität Wien)

Ort: Konferenzraum IPW, NIG, 2.Stock, Universitätsstraße 7, 1010 Wien

Zeit: 9. April 2019, 17:00

Abstract:

Wie gelingt es migrantischen Jugendlichen zu politischen Subjekten zu werden und für ihre Rechte einzutreten? Wie ist es möglich, sich Herrschaftsverhältnissen zu widersetzen und inwiefern bietet Demokratie hierzu einen Bezugspunkt? 
In seinem Vortrag geht Helge Schwiertz diesen Fragen nach, indem er den Begriff der „demokratischen Differenz“ sowie eine Theorie radikaler Demokratie als Praxis entwickelt und diese mit einer qualitativen Studie zur Selbstorganisierung migrantischer Jugendlicher in Deutschland und den USA verbindet. Theorie und Empirie treten hierbei in einen Dialog. Dadurch kann sowohl zu einem differenzierten Verständnis migrantischer Kämpfe als auch zu demokratietheoretischen Debatten beigetragen werden. Darüber hinaus wird die Frage aufgeworfen, wie Grenzen in Migrationsgesellschaften demokratisiert werden können.


Monika Mühlböck

(Institut für Wirtschaftssoziologie, Universität Wien)

"Information, Reflection, and Successful Job Search: A Nudging Experiment"

Moderation: Flavia Fossati (IPW, Universität Wien)

Ort: Konferenzraum, Department of Political Science, NIG, 2nd floor, wing A, Universitätsstraße 7, 1010 Wien

Zeit: 19.3.2019, 17:30

Abstract:

When searching for a job, unemployed young people face several challenges. They need to know which jobs are suited for them, where to find them and how to apply. Furthermore, especially in times of tight labour markets, they need resilience against repeated rejections. Previous research has shown that receiving information and self-reflection on how to search for a job enhance self-efficacy and search motivation, thereby reducing the duration of unemployment spells. Following up on these results, we conducted a nudging experiment in cooperation with the Austrian Ministry for Social Affairs. Our target group comprised of about 37.000 young adults who had recently become unemployed. We designed different treatments containing an info-clip and/or a short online questionnaire. Links to the treatments were sent out by email. At the end if a six-month observation period, we used register data to compare unemployment duration within the treatment groups and the control group. For young unemployed with a low level of formal education, we find significant treatment effects. While effect sizes are small, considering the low costs of the intervention, efficiency is very high.


Winter Term 2018/19


TAKING A GLANCE, TAKING A STANCE

Critical Perspectives on asylum seekers' reception in Italy

 

Time: Thursday, 10.1.2019, 15:00 - 18:15

Location: Hörsaal 1, Tiefparterre Hauptgebäude, Stiege 1 Hof 1

Moderation: Helena Hattmannsdorfer (IPW)

Participants:

Verena Wisthaler
Affiliation: Eurac Research - Bozen
The reception and accommodation of asylum seekers in Italy. Insights into the national framework.

Omid Firouzi Tabar
Affiliation: SLANG research group - University of Padova
The reception of asylum seekers in the north of Italy between resistance and control.

Eleonore Bully
Affiliation: Lab'urba - Université Paris-Est/Dipartimento Culture e Società - University of Palermo
The performative effect of Italian reception system on asylum seekers' migration projects and trajectories.

Simone Di Cecco
Affiliation: Urmis - Université Paris Diderot
Surveiller et protéger in the Italian asylum regime: or why humanitarianism doesn't fight racism.

 

Conservative, populist and right-wing governments in Hungary, Germany, Italy and Austria build new alliances to control and close borders and stop immigration. This inter-European cooperation draw up new "master plans of migration" that "are completely at odds with dynamics of migration (and) systematically fail in their aim of ending the arrivals of illegalised migrants", as pointed out by researcher and co-founder of Forensic Oceanography Charles Heller.

Italy, as a country of first arrival, is an important site, where migrant trajectories are negotiated. While the reception of asylum seekers has become highly politicized, irregular work-force recruitment is now a relevant issue of migrants' struggles for the right of residence. But how much do we know about the situation in Italy apart from media images of boats? What has changed since the election of the current Italian right-wing/populist government?

The conference Taking a Glance, Taking a Stance invites researchers to share insights and findings on asylum and border regimes in different regions of Italy. The aim is to better understand the current situation, allowing us to develop comprehensive perspectives aside of mainstream media discourses.

The conference discusses aspects of the Italian asylum system, such as reception and asylum seekers' trajectories through Italy and investigates the rising criticism of the humanitarian approach to the asylum system.


Andreas Holzer und Martina Zandonella (SORA - Institute for Social Research and Consulting, Ogris & Hofinger GmbH): "Zum Zustand der Demokratie in Österreich - der Demokratie Monitor 2018"

Ort: Hörsaal 33 Hauptgebäude, 1.Stock, Stiege 7

Zeit: 9.1.2019, 16:45 - 18:15

(der Vortrag findet im Rahmen der VO BAK 6 Politisches System Österreichs und der EU statt)

 

Kurzbeschreibung:

Seit einiger Zeit beobachten wir, dass in Österreich das Vertrauen in die Demokratie unter Druck geraten ist. Aus diesem Grund und anlässlich des 100. Jahrestages der Gründung der Ersten Republik hat SORA den Demokratie Monitor ins Leben gerufen. Der Demokratie Monitor wird jährlich erhoben und beobachtet die Demokratieentwicklung im  Land. Er möchte Bewusstsein bilden, öffentliche Diskussionen anstoßen  und praktische Maßnahmen zur Stärkung der Demokratie anregen. Dabei „gehört“ er all jenen Menschen, denen die Zukunft der Demokratie am Herzen liegt – er wird mittels Crowdfunding finanziert und u.a. vom Österreichischen Parlament, dem ORF und einer breiten Zivilgesellschaft unterstützt.
Nun liegen die Ergebnisse der Erhebung 2018 vor. Sie geben Auskunft darüber, was Demokratie für die Menschen bedeutet und wie sie über die aktuelle Ausgestaltung von Demokratie in Österreich denken. Der Demokratie Monitor informiert auch über die Unterstützung von autoritären Systemen in der Bevölkerung - im Fokus stehen hierbei illiberale Formen von Demokratie. Schließlich befasst er sich mit der Frage, was (zunehmende) Ungleichheit für die Demokratie bedeutet. 
Der Vortrag  erzählt die Entstehungsgeschichte des Demokratie Monitors, berichtet über seine wissenschaftliche Grundlage bzw. Methodik, stellt die zentralen Ergebnisse vor und lädt zur gemeinsamen Diskussion ein.


Flavia Fossati: "Labour market integration of immigrants - The employers' perspective"

Moderation: Sieglinde Rosenberger (IPW Universität Wien)

Location: Konferenzraum IPW (A222), NIG 2.Stock, Universitätsstraße 7, A-1010 Wien

Time: 22.10.2018, 17:00-19:00

Abstract: Labour market integration is one of the most promising ways to integrating immigrants into a host society. However, there are different reasons why immigrants have a harder time obtaining a job. Beyond human and social capital issues (e.g. certificate recognition, language skills, etc.) sometimes also employers’ discriminatory behaviour hinders a successful labour market integration. This presentation explores when and why employers discriminate immigrants, and asks whether there are individual characteristics of immigrants (e.g. hobbies, volunteering activities, etc.) and/or policies (e.g. active labour market program participation) that can help mitigating the disadvantages immigrants face on the labour market.


Summer Term 2018


Christian Göbel (Universität Wien, Sinologie): "Soziale Unruhen in China aus der Perspektive sozialer Medien"

Moderation: Ilker Ataç (IPW Uni Wien)

Discussant: Ulrich Brand (IPW Uni Wien)

6.6.2018, 18:30-20:00, Konferenzraum IPW (A222), NIG 2.Stock, Universitätsstraße 7, A-1010 Wien


Samuel D. Schmid (European University Institute): "Open Borders vs. Inclusive Citizenship? The Relationship of Entry and Memebership in Governing Immigration"

Moderation: Jeremias Stadlmair (IPW Uni Wien)

14.6.2018, 18:30-20:00, Hörsaal 2 IPW (A218), NIG 2.Stock, Universitätsstraße 7, A-1010 Wien

Abstract:

Do inclusive societies need closed borders? This problem has bothered political theorists for decades. The conventional view holds that in liberal democracies immigration restrictions are necessary for inclusive citizenship. By contrast, theorists arguing for a combination of inclusive citizenship policies with open borders assume that the two are compatible. This leads to an empirical puzzle: Is there a trade-off between the openness of borders and the inclusiveness of citizenship? Or, more generally, how are entry regimes and membership regimes related? There are three intuitive answers to this question. The first is that there is indeed a trade-off between the two, because it would be impossible for a state to admit unlimited amounts of immigrants and simultaneously grant them expansive rights and indiscriminately hand out passports. The second answer is that entry regimes and membership regimes are driven by the same political factors. Especially the power of right-wing parties should determine variation in entry and membership policies. The third answer is that entry regimes mainly respond to fast-paced market forces, while membership regimes are determined by path-dependent and slow-paced trajectories of national identities. Therefore, it can be assumed that they follow divergent logics and should not be correlated. Employing panel regressions to analyze 23 liberal democracies from 1980 to 2014, the empirical analysis lends support to the third answer. Contrary to the widespread trade-off assumption, entry regimes and membership regimes do not appear to be systematically correlated. However, the investigation also brings to light a limited and conditional positive relationship between the two: If strong far-right parties and center-right governments team up and succeed in restricting immigration policies, citizenship policies are likely to follow the same restrictive trajectory.


Claudia Tazreiter (UNSW Sydney): "Crisis Politics and Borders. Exploring Visual Culture and Affect through the Case Study of Australian Responses to Refugees"

Moderation: Helena Hattmannsdorfer (IPW Uni Wien)

10.4.2018, 17:00-19:00, Konferenzraum IPW (A222), NIG 2.Stock, Universitätsstraße 7, A-1010 Wien

Winter Term 2017

Marc Helbling (University Bamberg): Measuring Immigration Policies and their Effects

24.10.2017 - 18:30-20:00, Hörsaal II, NIG


Matteo Gianni: The Refugee Crisis as the Crisis of what Democratic Integration of Democratic Integration in Western Societies should be about?

25.11.2017 - 10:45-12:00, Hörsaal II, NIG


Dieter Rucht: Zur Analyse aktueller rechtspopulistischer Bewegungen

29.11. 2017 - 16:45-18:15, Hörsaal 33, Hauptgebäude Uni Wien


Zeynep Kasli: EU-ization of Turkey's Migration and Border Regime

11.1.2018 -18:30, Aula am Campus, Altes AKH

7.6. (cancelled) Luin Goldring (York University): “Negotiating Non-Citizenship and Legal Status Trajectories in Toronto"

Abstract: Recognized immigrants and de-facto residents share certain exclusions (e.g. racism and racialization) as well as distinct challenges linked to immigration status. De-facto residents include temporary residents, who are not typically entitled to full settlement services, and those without authorized status. For this precarious status population, struggles to stay put involve claims of control over im/mobility and presence, claims to membership based on residence, and claims of access to public services and entitlements. Contemporary immigration policies institutionalize a variety of legal status situations and likely trajectories characterized by several dimensions of precarity. These include temporariness (temporary work and residence permits), limited or no access to public services, status revocability, and deportability. This paper examines the chutes and ladders of precarious legal status trajectories, focusing on the conditionality of presence and access. Part of the analysis examines the work undertaken by precarious noncitizens to remain in Canada and to gain (more) secure status, extend presence, and improve access to services. Another part focuses on the role of certain actors and institutions in shaping experiences and trajectories. The analysis is based on data gathered through a mixed-methods survey conducted in the Greater Toronto Area and may focus on a particular legal status trajectory. The paper aims to contribute to conceptual and empirical work on the assemblage of non-citizenship in Canada, and to comparative discussions. (Event PDF)

Winter Term 2016

  • Florian Trauner (Vrije Universiteit Brussel) –Dublin is dead, long live Dublin! - Der Streit um einen Paradigmenwechsel in der EU-Asylpolitik
  • Olaf Kleist (Universität Osnabrück) –  Ehrenamtliche Flüchtlingsarbeit in Deutschland: Eine kritische Bestandsaufnahme

Summer Term 2016

  • Monika Mokre (Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften) - Solidarität jenseits von Staatsbürger_innenschaft. Überlegungen zur politischen Gestaltung von Migrationsgesellschaften.
  • Vanja-Ivan Savić (University of Zagreb) - Why is Religion so special for the Law? Is it really?
  • Siti Syamsiyatun (Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga Jalan Adisucipto) -Politics and Religion in Indonesia