INSIDE the Deportation Gap – Social Membership for Non-Deported Persons

Team: Sieglinde Rosenberger, Ilker Ataç, Theresa Schütze, Victoria Reitter, Sabine Koppes


Project duration: January 2015 - April 2019


The project "Inside the Deportation Gap – Social Membership for Non-Deported Persons" investigates access to social services (housing/allowances, health care and education) of persons who have a deportation order yet who for various reasons cannot get removed. The main focus of the research is on the production of social membership of marginalized people. The case-studies concern regulations and practices in Austria, the Netherlands and Sweden.

The group is heterogeneous in terms of legal status and, thus, highly diverse with regard to individuals’ access to basic rights and services within and across countries. While some people are temporarily granted residency title, others are merely tolerated and yet others are left without any documentation. We choose an extended policy approach, assuming social membership to be produced both at the political level (legal measures) as well as through everyday practices.

The main research goals are: generating knowledge on the making and outcome of social membership; explaining differences in legal and policy responses to temporarily non-removed migrants across nation states, sub-national entitites, and social policy areas (housing, allowances, basic education, health); providing social scientists with adequate data on the group of non-removed persons and reflecting theoretically on the gap between liberal (human) rights provisions and nation-state policies.


The comparative research Project "Inside the Deportation Gap. Social Membership for Non-Deported Persons" is supported by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) under grant agreement number P 27128-G11.


  • Ataç, Ilker (2018): Deserving shelter: Conditional access to accommodation for rejected asylum seekers in Austria, the Netherlands and Sweden, Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies online.
  • Rosenberger, Sieglinde (2018): Navigating the Representative-Politics-Liberal-Rights Dilemma: Social Policy Designs for Nonremoved Migrants, Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies, DOI: 10.1080/15562948.2018.1489089. (Link)
  • Rosenberger, Sieglinde / Koppes, Sabine (2018). Claiming control: cooperation with return as a condition for social benefits in Austria and the Netherlands. Comparative Migration Studies, DOI: 10.1186/s40878-018-0085-3. (Download)
  • Rosenberger, Sieglinde, Ataç, Ilker, Schütze, Theresa (2018). Nicht-Abschiebbarkeit: Soziale Rechte im Deportation Gap. Wien. ÖGfE Policy Brief, 10’2018 (Link)
  • Rosenberger, Sieglinde / Küffner, Carla (2016): After the Deportation Gap: Non-Removed Persons and their Pathways to Social Rights, in: Hsu, Roland / Reinprecht, Christoph (eds.): Migration and Integration, Vienna University Press, p.137-152. (Download)
  • Ataç, Ilker / Rosenberger, Sieglinde (2013): Inklusion/Exklusion - ein relationales Konzept der Migrationsforschung, in: Ilker Ataç / Sieglinde Rosenberger (Hg.): Politik der Inklusion und Exklusion, Göttingen: V&R unipress, 35-52. (Dowload)
  • Rosenberger, Sieglinde / Trauner, Florian (2014): "Abschiebepolitik: Eine sozialwissenschaftliche Annäherung" In: ÖZP 2/2014 (Editorial) (Download)
  • Welz, Judith / Winkler, Jakob (2014): "Abschiebepolitik im Spannungsfeld des liberal-demokratischen Paradoxons: Ermessensspielräume in asylrechtlichen Ausweisungsentscheidungen" In: ÖZP 2/2014 (Download)


Activities & Events

  • Im Panel "At the margins of the welfare state: asylum seekers, refugees and non-removed persons at the intersection of welfare and migration control” der 2. Konferenz des Netzwerk Flüchtlingsforschung (NWFF) in Eichstätt präsentieren Ilker Ataç, Sieglinde Rosenberger und Theresa Schütze ein Paper mit dem Titel "Crack down or Symbolism? An Analysis of post-2015 Policy Responses towards rejected Asylum Seekers in Austria", 4.-6. Oktober 2018 (Programm)
  • IMISCOE: Ilker Ataç, Viktoria Reitter, Theresa Schütze Präsentation des Artikels "Municipal governments' policies versus national exclusion: the case of non-deported persons" auf der 15th IMISCOE Annual Conference "Europe, Migrations and the Mediterranean: human mobilities and intercultural challenges" in Barcelona, 2.-4. Juli 2018 (conference booklet)
  • Sieglinde Rosenberger im Gespräch über Asylsuchende im "Deportation Gap", Ö1 Sendung "Zwischen Integration und Abschiebung", 25.6.2018
  • Migrationssymposium des Österreichischen Roten Kreuzes, Workshop zum Thema "Irreguläre Migration" mit Sieglinde Rosenberger und Ilker Ataç 12.-13. Juni 2018 (Info)
  • Ilker Ataç macht am 12. Mai 2018 einen Vortrag im Rahmen von ‘Solidarity City”- Workshop in der 16. Kritnet-Konferenz im Göttingen, Deutschland (Info)
  • IMISCOE: Ilker Ataç und Sieglinde Rosenberger Präsentation des Artikels "Social Welfare or Control: Modes of decision-making on access to social services of non-removed migrants" auf der 14th IMISCOE Annual Conference in Rotterdam, 28.-30. Juni 2017 (Programm)
  • International Workshop with Arjen Leerkes (Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands) and Anna Lundberg (Malmö University, Sweden), June 8th, 2017.
  • Sieglinde Rosenberger im Interview (Titel "In langen Asylverfahren verstreicht wertvolle Zeit") für den Trendreport von Forba, Februar 2017 (Download)
  • Ilker Atac at the Think and Drink Colloquium: Inside the Deportation Gap; Montag 20.06.16, 18:00-21:00 Uhr; HU Berlin, Institut für Sozialwissenschaften, Universitätsstraße 3b
  • Participation at the 5th Berlin Summer School “Linking Theory and Empirical Research” taking place from July 19th to August 1st, 2015, organized by the WZB (Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin für Sozialforschung).
  • IPW-lecture & INEX-talk with Jeroen Doomernik (University of Amsterdam) at the Institute for Political Science (Vienna University) on October 12th, 18:30.

2. Konferenz des Netzwerk Flüchtlingsforschung (NWFF) in Eichstätt, Oktober 4-6 2018

Panel with the title “At the margins of the welfare state: asylum seekers, refugees and non-removed persons at the intersection of welfare and migration control” organized by Ilker Ataç and Sieglinde Rosenberger

  • Ilker Ataç/ Sieglinde Rosenberger/Theresa Schütze: Crack Down or Symbolism? An Analysis of post-2015 Policy Responses towards rejected Asylum Seekers in Austria
  • Sybille Münch: The multilevel Governance of Deportation – is Access to local Membership possible?
  • Lorenz Neuberger: Canadian and Australian Asylum/Refugee Policies between Welfare and Migration Control
  • Almut Bachinger/Katharina Schaur: Perspektiven von Unbegleiteten Minderjährigen Flüchtlingen im österreichischen Wohlfahrtsstaat
  • Morgan Etzel: Rewarding the „Good Refugee“: The Commodification of Syrian Refugees in Germany

14th IMISCOE Conference Rotterdam, June 28-30 2017

Panel with the title "Inside the Deportation Gap: Social Membership for Non-Removed Migrants" - organized by Ataç & Rosenberger

  • Ilker Ataç / Sieglinde Rosenberger, Department of Political Science, University of Vienna: Social Welfare or Control: Modes of decision-making on access to social services of non-removed migrants
  • Anda Barak-Bianco / Rebeca Raijman, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Haifa, Israel: Daily lives of Sudanese asylum seekers in Israel in shade of 'liminal-legality'
  •  Tobias Eule, Lisa Marie Borrelli, Annika Lindberg and Anna Wyss, University of Bern: The Rejected and the Time Thieves: Irregularised Migrants in Permanent Temporariness
  •  Reinhard Schweitzer, Department of Geography, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK: Public service providers and immigration enforcement in London and Barcelona: Negotiating the effective limits of entitlement, access, necessity and internalised control
  •  Stacey Wilson-Forsberg, Wilfrid Laurier University, Brantford Ontario, Canada: Claiming The Right to be Present: Serving Migrants with Precarious Legal Status in the Sanctuary City of Hamilton, Ontario Canada